this time many children went to work full-time out of necessity. Wages in factories were low, they worked long hours in horrible working conditions. It took many years to get laws passed. The Illinois Factory Act was the first. State legislatures eventually passed laws banning or restricting child labor. It was not until 1938 that the federal government passed the Fair Labor Standards Act. This law banned employment for children under 16, and prohibited children under 18 from operating dangerous machinery. Progressives lobbied for regulations to protect workers, one of the most important efforts was to end child labor. The number of children under the age of 15 who worked in industrial jobs for wages climbed from 1.5 million in 1890 to 2 million in 1910. Business liked children because they performed unskilled jobs for lower wages, than adults. Also, because of the size of children's hands they could easily handle the small parts and tools. Due to low wages it often ...
Dramatic changes came around 1910, as the woman suffrage campaign emerged as a "feminist" movement. A new cadre of leaders, including (daughter of Elizabeth Cady Stanton), , , and (1885-1977), argued for suffrage not only as a matter of justice, but also as a solution to such political and social problems as prostitution, labor exploitation, and municipal corruption, thus linking it to the powerful wave of Progressive political reform. Distancing themselves from the nativist and racist agendas of the late nineteenth century, the new leaders even attempted to form alliances with immigrant men through their support for child-labor laws and literacy campaigns. By linking suffrage to social policy at the state level, the NAWSA laid the foundation for a larger national campaign to amend the federal Constitution. This final push for suffrage, initiated in 1914, culminated in 1920 with ratification of the Nineteenth Amendment, guaranteeing women's right to vote.
Antislavery; Civil Rights; Child-Labor Laws; Feminism; Free-Soil Party; Lynching; Marriage and Divorce; Nineteenth Amendment; Progressive Era; Prostitution and Antiprostitution; Racism; Rape; Religion; Seneca Falls Convention; Society of Friends; State Governments; Suffrage, Temperance and Prohibition; Transcendentalism; Woman Suffrage Movement.
With varying nature and wider in scope, Progressivism concentrated on providing effective tools to build trust of people in government and business organizations. However, a small group in the Progressive movement also supported ownership of production by government. Amendments to the Constitution showed their priorities at the political front as they provided new ways for electing senators and tried to eliminate monopolies. The wide spectrum of Progressivism can be viewed from the fact that not only it focused on fighting at the political platform, the movement tried to address the problem of urbanization. It is also pertinent to highlight the shortcomings of Progressive movement as their failure in the areas of limiting child labor and not addressing racial problems of blacks especially African Americans who had migrated from South. At the end of first phase of Progressive movement ranging from 1880 to 1920, the election of 1912 was fought by contenders with Progressive approach having varied goals from different labor issues to problems at political as well as social level. More power was given to Congress in this era. Election of Senators was to be made by the public and women gained voting powers in this particular era.
during the Progressive Era and this was consider “child labor ..
One of the defining characteristics of the Progressive Era was the desire of reformers to protect children from laboring in industries with unsafe working conditions for children. Their desire to regulate child labor stemmed from new social science research suggesting that protecting children would benefit society by safeguarding the country's future human resources.
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