Laertes says in an aside that he's having moral qualms about killing Hamlet by treachery. The third round ends in a draw (perhaps locked weapons), then Laertes reaches out and scratches Hamlet illegally when he is not looking. (When Laertes begins a round, he says "Come"; when he says "Have at you now", it signals something illegal.) They scuffle (because of the illegal blow, Hamlet is "incensed"). During the scuffle, they exchange swords. This was a recognized move in fencing. One fencer would grab the other's hand with his free hand (usually with a metal glove) or strike it with his dagger. The right response was for the other fencer to do the same, and swords could then be exchanged. On stage, the exchange is usually done by having Hamlet disarm Laertes with his sword, which flies up. Hamlet puts his foot on the sharp poisoned sword (he knows it's sharp, but not that it's poisoned, and he intended to scratch Laertes back). Hamlet gives his own sword to Laertes, fights again, and inflicts a deeper wound on him, explaining why Laertes dies quicker.
By understanding the instances where people lied to, spied on, and deceived our tragic hero, it is easy to trace the steps leading to his downfall. The events which propelled him to his death are the lies of the death of Old Hamlet, the deceitful marriage of Gertrude and Claudius, and the accidental death of Polonius brought on by his spying on Hamlet. Overall each one of these instances indirectly and, in some cases directly, is a cause for the deaths of eight people in the Kingdom. This outcome goes to show that when you lie, cheat and are not careful in committing dishonest acts, that you can cause problems and disorder in the lives of the people around you as well as your own.
I tend to believe from the evidence exhibited in this essay that many people in this play deceive many other people and the reason for the most part ,when you get right down to it , is to protect themselves and on occasion to protect someone else. Yet for the most part it is a selfish and greedy act. Deception is what keeps people from knowing the truth , it's what killed Ophelia, it's what drove Hamlet mad ,and it's what gives the ghost grief because everyone whom he loved just died. And then there is the fact of slight guilt because the ghost knows deep down inside that it is all his fault for wanting revenge so badly that he would do whatever to get it.
Claudius decieves everyone in different ways and at different times , always and only to protect himself from everyone else finding out that he killed the king. We can't truly say that he deceived Gertrude or not because we still don't know if she knows about Claudius killing the king or not because that is part of her own deception , but we know that he deceived the people and Hamlet himself (before he talks to the ghost). This next quote comes from the ghost of the king convicting Claudius of the murder ,"If thou didst ever thy dear father love- revenge his foul and most unnatural murder(p.57, act1,scene5 ,lines29-31). This quote proves that Claudius actually did commit the murder. This next quote is from Claudius himself after the funeral and the wedding giving a speach about the death of the king and the whole deal with Fortinbras,"To our most valiant brother-so much for him(p.21, act1 ,scene2 ,line25)." This quote shows that Claudius obviously doesn't have much remorse for his dead brother and might be covering up the fact that he killed him. And we all know what that means...What does it mean?! It means that he actually is the rat and is the evil one in the play.
Hamlet Essay Deception - 2193 Words - StudyMode
Hamlet is a play by William Shakespeare about a prince named Hamlet who was spoken to by the ghost of his dead father telling Hamlet to kill his uncle Claudius (the new king) because Claudius killed him. The story revolves around Hamlet's dillema of how to kill his uncle while being deceptive enough so that no one finds out about the ghost. This essay will prove how is often used in for . Claudius uses deception to protect himself from being prosecuted for his crime of killing the King. No one knows what the deal is with Gertrude because she deceives everybody by keeping to herself all the time keeping everyone from knowing anything. By using quotes from the book I will prove how these two (Claudius and Gertrude) and among a few others , use deception for different reasons and in different ways. A lot of the times it is to protect someone, or themselvs because they believe that the truth will hurt more than their lies.